Sweden is a Scandinavian nation with thousands of coastal islands and inland lakes, along with vast boreal forests and glaciated mountains. Its principal cities, eastern capital Stockholm and southwestern Gothenburg and Malmö, are all coastal. Stockholm is built on 14 islands. It has more than 50 bridges, as well as the medieval old town, Gamla Stan, royal palaces and museums such as open-air Skansen.


Official language is Swedish. Sweden uses the metric system (kilograms, centimeters, °C). Time zone is UTC+01:00 with daylight saving time. Sweden uses 230V, 50Hz with sockets and plugs Type C and Type F.


Sweden's many lakes and the gulfs of Bothnia give Sweden generally a relatively mild climate. July temperatures in Sweden average 13 to 17°C. February is usually Sweden's coldest month, with temperatures from- 22 to -3°C. In northern Sweden, winter temperatures often drop to -30°C, sometimes even lower.


Norrland the sparsely populated, northern part of the country (It spans more than half of the country's total area), with nine provinces. Lots of wilderness, with forests, lakes, big rivers, enormous marshes and high mountains along the border to Norway. Great for hiking and winter sports. Largest cities are GävleSundsvallUmeå and Luleå.

Svealand the central part of the country, includes StockholmUppsala and the provinces of DalarnaNärkeVärmlandSödermanlandUppland and Västmanland.

Götaland the ten southern provinces, including the island-provinces Öland and Gotland. The largest cities in Götaland are Gothenburg in Västergötland and Malmö in Skåne. Also containing DalslandHallandSmåland and Blekinge.

  • population:
    9.799 million (2015)
  • currency:
    Swedish krona (symbol: kr), code SEK
  • cost of living:
  • Tipping:
    Not expected, but can leave extra tip
  • crime rate:
    Moderate crime rate
    For warm weather and sunshine, the best time to visit Sweden is May to September. – If you want snow, aim to go between late November and March.
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